Difference between revisions of "Lambert Joseph Meerts"

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'''Lambert Joseph Meerts ''' (6 January 1802 - 11 May 1863) was a Belgian violinist and violin teacher.  He was the first violin teacher at the Brussels Royal Conservatory to publish pedagogical materials and received international attention for his works.
 
'''Lambert Joseph Meerts ''' (6 January 1802 - 11 May 1863) was a Belgian violinist and violin teacher.  He was the first violin teacher at the Brussels Royal Conservatory to publish pedagogical materials and received international attention for his works.
  
 
==Biography==
 
==Biography==
  
Born in Brussels in 1863, Lambert-Joseph Meerts was originally destined to be a merchant but a change in his family’s fortune pushed him towards a career in music.  At 14 years old he was working in the theater of Antwerp helping actors learn their parts and playing first violin in the orchestra.  He studied with Italian violinist Fridzeri who had settled in Antwerp.  Meerts travelled often to Paris to take lessons from Lafont, Habeneck and Baillot.  In 1823 he married Jeanne Vander Plancken most likely the daughter of the first violinist of the Brussels court orchestra.  Fétis says that Meerts was active as a teacher upon his return to Brussels in 1828 when he also became a violinist in the city orchestra.  From 1832 to 1836 he was the violin soloist of the orchestra.  At this point Fétis’ biography is heavily biased as Meerts became his student for composition in 1833.  Fétis claims that Meerts’ “revolutions” in violin pedagogy are based on his method of teaching composition.  While Fétis claims that Meerts became a professor of violin at the Brussels conservatory in 1835, according to the school’s archive he was teaching beginning violinists.  Fétis also neglects the 4 year absence from the conservatory which the archives attribute to metal illness.  During this time he was replaced by his student Hubert Léonard.  Upon Meerts’ return in 1853 he was indeed professor of violin until his death in 1863.  He knighted in the Order of Léopold in 1855.  Le Guide musical of 20 August 1857 describes his teaching as: <br>
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Born in Brussels in 1802, Lambert-Joseph Meerts was originally destined to be a merchant but a change in his family’s fortune pushed him towards a career in music.  At 14 years old he was working in the theater of Antwerp helping actors learn their parts and playing first violin in the orchestra.  He studied with the Italian violinist Fridzeri who had settled in Antwerp.  Meerts travelled often to Paris to take lessons from Lafont, Habeneck and Baillot.  In 1823 he married Jeanne Vander Plancken most likely the daughter of the first violinist of the Brussels court orchestra.  [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C3%A7ois-Joseph_F%C3%A9tis Fétis] says that Meerts was active as a teacher upon his return to Brussels in 1828, when he also became a violinist in the city orchestra.  From 1832 to 1836 he was the violin soloist of the orchestra.  At this point Fétis’ biography is heavily biased as Meerts became his student for composition in 1833.  Fétis claims that Meerts’ “revolutions” in violin pedagogy are based on his own method of teaching composition.  While Fétis claims that Meerts became a professor of violin at the Brussels conservatory in 1835, according to the school’s archive he was teaching beginning violinists.  Fétis also neglects the 4 year absence from the conservatory which the archives attribute to mental illness.  During this time he was replaced by [[Hubert Léonard | Hubert Léonard]].  Upon Meerts’ return in 1853 he was professor of violin for orchestral playing until his death in 1863.  He was knighted in the Order of Léopold in 1855.  ''Le Guide musical'' of 20 August 1857 describes his teaching as: <br>
 
<blockquote>The students of M. Meerts are distinguished more by a correct and exact execution than an elegance of phrase.  M. Meerts does not have the pretentions to train soloists, believe us; his goal is to train good, solid musicians who upon leaving his class can honorably take their place in an orchestra.  His system of teaching has been accepted by most of the conservatories of Europe.</blockquote>
 
<blockquote>The students of M. Meerts are distinguished more by a correct and exact execution than an elegance of phrase.  M. Meerts does not have the pretentions to train soloists, believe us; his goal is to train good, solid musicians who upon leaving his class can honorably take their place in an orchestra.  His system of teaching has been accepted by most of the conservatories of Europe.</blockquote>
  
 
==Teachers==
 
==Teachers==
  
* 1816 – Alexandro Marie Antoin Fridzeri in Antwerp
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* 1816 – [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexandro_Marie_Antoin_Fridzeri Alexandro Marie Antoin Fridzeri] in Antwerp
* 1816-1828 – Occasional lessons with Charles Philippe Lafont, François Habeneck and Pierre Baillot in Paris
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* 1816-1828 – Occasional lessons with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Philippe_Lafont Charles Philippe Lafont], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C3%A7ois_Habeneck François Habeneck] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Baillot Pierre Baillot] in Paris
  
 
==Teaching==
 
==Teaching==
  
* 1836-1849 – Brussels Royal Conservatory (Taught beginning violin)
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* 1836-1849 – Brussels Royal Conservatory (Beginning Violin Class)
* 1853-1863 – Brussels Royal Conservatory
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* 1853-1863 – Brussels Royal Conservatory (Violin for Orchestral Playing)
 +
 
  
  
 
===Pieces de concours===
 
===Pieces de concours===
  
 
+
* Concours de Violon 1857, Classe de M. Meerts (B-Bc ARC-M-87, BBr Ms II 4958 Mus)
 +
* Concours de Violon 1858, Classe de M. Meerts (B-Bc ARC-M-87)
 +
* Concours de Violon 1860, Classe de M. Meerts (B-Bc ARC-M-93)
 +
* Concours de Violon 1861, Classe de M. Meerts (B-Bc ARC-M-93)
 +
* Concours de Violon 1863, Classe de M. Meerts, Fragment d'un Quatuor de M. Fétis (B-Bc ARC-M-93)
  
 
===Notable Students===
 
===Notable Students===
  
* Henri Vieuxtemps – Professor at the Brussels Conservatory(1871-1873 and honorary professor from 1875-1879)
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* [[Henri Vieuxtemps | Henri Vieuxtemps]] – Professor at the Brussels Conservatory(1871-1873 and honorary professor from 1875-1879)
* Hubert Léonard – Professor at the Brussels Conservatory (1849-1851 when he replaced Meerts and 1853-1866)
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* [[Jean Baptiste Colyns | Jean Baptiste Colyns]] – Professor at the Brussels Conservatory (1860-1902)
* Jean Baptiste Colyns – Professor at the Brussels Conservatory (1860-1902)
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* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Joachim Joseph Joachim] – According to Fétis  
* Joseph Joachim – According to Fétis  
+
  
  
 
==Works==
 
==Works==
  
* 12 Études élémentaires pour violon (BBc 8928, BBc 24209)
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* 12 Études élémentaires pour violon (B-Bc 8928, B-Bc 24209)
* Trois études brillantes (BBc 8929, BBc 24208)
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* Trois études brillantes (B-Bc 8929, B-Bc 24208)
* Douze études … dans les deuxième & quatrième positions (BBc 8930)
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* Douze études … dans les deuxième & quatrième positions (B-Bc 8930)
* [http://imslp.org/wiki/Etudes_de_Rhythme_%28Meerts,_Lambert_Joseph%29 Études rythmiques] (12 volumes) (BBc 8931, BBc 24207)
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* [http://imslp.org/wiki/Etudes_de_Rhythme_%28Meerts,_Lambert_Joseph%29 Études rythmiques] (12 volumes) (B-Bc 8931, B-Bc 24207)
* Études (BBc 24211)
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* Études (B-Bc 24211)
* [http://imslp.org/wiki/Le_M%C3%A9canisme_du_Violon_%28Meerts,_Lambert_Joseph%29 Le mécanisme du violon] (BBc 24212)
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* Fantaisie brilliant pour deux violons (B-Lc)
* Le mécanisme de l’archet (BBc 24543)
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* 6 Fantaisies en style fugue (B-Lc)
* Variations fantaisies (BBc 43608)
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* Gammes et mélodies (B-Lc)
 +
* [http://imslp.org/wiki/Le_M%C3%A9canisme_du_Violon_%28Meerts,_Lambert_Joseph%29 Le mécanisme du violon] (B-Bc 24212, B-Bc 43545)
 +
* Le mécanisme de l’archet (B-Bc 24543)
 +
* Variations fantaisies (B-Bc 43608)
 
* [http://imslp.org/wiki/6_Fantaisie_Caracteristiques_%28Meerts,_Lambert_Joseph%29 6 fantaisies caractéristiques] (?)
 
* [http://imslp.org/wiki/6_Fantaisie_Caracteristiques_%28Meerts,_Lambert_Joseph%29 6 fantaisies caractéristiques] (?)
 +
* [http://gallica.bnf.fr/services/engine/search/sru?operation=searchRetrieve&version=1.2&collapsing=disabled&query=%28gallica%20all%20%22meerts%22%29%20and%20dc.relation%20all%20%22cb43145414w%22 Méthode élémentaire de violon] (B-Bc P-2-1070) (Part 1 only)
 +
* Thême varié (B-Lc, NL-DHk)
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* 4° Concerto pour violon (B-Bc OMO 677 - missing solo part)
 +
* Fantaisie pour les 1er violons avec orchestre (B-Bc OMO 679 - missing 1st violin parts)
 +
* 6 Fantaisies en style fugue (F-Pn)
 +
* [http://imslp.org/wiki/4_Sonatinas_for_2_Violins_%28Meerts,_Lambert_Joseph%29 Quatre sonatines](GB-Lbl)
  
  
===Unlocated works===
+
===Works with A. Michelet (Michelot)===
  
* Méthode élémentaire de violon
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* Variations fantaisies pour piano et violon (F-Pn)
* [http://imslp.org/wiki/4_Sonatinas_for_2_Violins_%28Meerts,_Lambert_Joseph%29 Quatre sonatines]
+
 
* 6 Fantaisies en style fugue
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* Thême varié
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===Lost works===
 +
 
 +
* 3 Violin concertos
 +
* Méthode élémentaire de violon (part 2)
 
* 10 Études
 
* 10 Études
  
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* [http://imslp.org/wiki/Category:Meerts,_Lambert_Joseph Works by Meerts on IMSLP]  
 
* [http://imslp.org/wiki/Category:Meerts,_Lambert_Joseph Works by Meerts on IMSLP]  
  
 
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==Literature==
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Latest revision as of 13:12, 7 March 2018

Lambert Joseph Meerts (6 January 1802 - 11 May 1863) was a Belgian violinist and violin teacher. He was the first violin teacher at the Brussels Royal Conservatory to publish pedagogical materials and received international attention for his works.

Biography

Born in Brussels in 1802, Lambert-Joseph Meerts was originally destined to be a merchant but a change in his family’s fortune pushed him towards a career in music. At 14 years old he was working in the theater of Antwerp helping actors learn their parts and playing first violin in the orchestra. He studied with the Italian violinist Fridzeri who had settled in Antwerp. Meerts travelled often to Paris to take lessons from Lafont, Habeneck and Baillot. In 1823 he married Jeanne Vander Plancken most likely the daughter of the first violinist of the Brussels court orchestra. Fétis says that Meerts was active as a teacher upon his return to Brussels in 1828, when he also became a violinist in the city orchestra. From 1832 to 1836 he was the violin soloist of the orchestra. At this point Fétis’ biography is heavily biased as Meerts became his student for composition in 1833. Fétis claims that Meerts’ “revolutions” in violin pedagogy are based on his own method of teaching composition. While Fétis claims that Meerts became a professor of violin at the Brussels conservatory in 1835, according to the school’s archive he was teaching beginning violinists. Fétis also neglects the 4 year absence from the conservatory which the archives attribute to mental illness. During this time he was replaced by Hubert Léonard. Upon Meerts’ return in 1853 he was professor of violin for orchestral playing until his death in 1863. He was knighted in the Order of Léopold in 1855. Le Guide musical of 20 August 1857 describes his teaching as:

The students of M. Meerts are distinguished more by a correct and exact execution than an elegance of phrase. M. Meerts does not have the pretentions to train soloists, believe us; his goal is to train good, solid musicians who upon leaving his class can honorably take their place in an orchestra. His system of teaching has been accepted by most of the conservatories of Europe.

Teachers

Teaching

  • 1836-1849 – Brussels Royal Conservatory (Beginning Violin Class)
  • 1853-1863 – Brussels Royal Conservatory (Violin for Orchestral Playing)


Pieces de concours

  • Concours de Violon 1857, Classe de M. Meerts (B-Bc ARC-M-87, BBr Ms II 4958 Mus)
  • Concours de Violon 1858, Classe de M. Meerts (B-Bc ARC-M-87)
  • Concours de Violon 1860, Classe de M. Meerts (B-Bc ARC-M-93)
  • Concours de Violon 1861, Classe de M. Meerts (B-Bc ARC-M-93)
  • Concours de Violon 1863, Classe de M. Meerts, Fragment d'un Quatuor de M. Fétis (B-Bc ARC-M-93)

Notable Students


Works

  • 12 Études élémentaires pour violon (B-Bc 8928, B-Bc 24209)
  • Trois études brillantes (B-Bc 8929, B-Bc 24208)
  • Douze études … dans les deuxième & quatrième positions (B-Bc 8930)
  • Études rythmiques (12 volumes) (B-Bc 8931, B-Bc 24207)
  • Études (B-Bc 24211)
  • Fantaisie brilliant pour deux violons (B-Lc)
  • 6 Fantaisies en style fugue (B-Lc)
  • Gammes et mélodies (B-Lc)
  • Le mécanisme du violon (B-Bc 24212, B-Bc 43545)
  • Le mécanisme de l’archet (B-Bc 24543)
  • Variations fantaisies (B-Bc 43608)
  • 6 fantaisies caractéristiques (?)
  • Méthode élémentaire de violon (B-Bc P-2-1070) (Part 1 only)
  • Thême varié (B-Lc, NL-DHk)
  • 4° Concerto pour violon (B-Bc OMO 677 - missing solo part)
  • Fantaisie pour les 1er violons avec orchestre (B-Bc OMO 679 - missing 1st violin parts)
  • 6 Fantaisies en style fugue (F-Pn)
  • Quatre sonatines(GB-Lbl)


Works with A. Michelet (Michelot)

  • Variations fantaisies pour piano et violon (F-Pn)


Lost works

  • 3 Violin concertos
  • Méthode élémentaire de violon (part 2)
  • 10 Études


Available Online